If you have been following the advancement of peace and security in the world and in Africa particularly, at the dawn of the 20th century, you will read a picture of des-humanisation, human degradation and depravation. The large number of war displaced people, of women victims of sexual violence, the awful killings and executions such as decapitation, eventrement, extortions, etc… are show cases of a world in which people have lost and have denied their nature of humanity and have adopted the animal nature. I have seen and witnessed those atrocies in Africa: the genocide in Rwanda, Burundi and DR Congo, the crime against humanity in central Africa, Sudan, Ivory coast, Sierra Leone, Liberia etc…
At daybreak of the 21st century, it is necessary to stand and reverse the scourge and bring back the humanity lost in human being in order to hope for a bright future for all. It is that hope that still mobilise peace builders and hope makers to dream again the best for the world. That hope and dream of peace require today an investment in children and youth. That hope and dream of peace require today minimum of education. Children and youth who have been yesterday victims need to be given a different kind of food and be embarked into a different kind of boat. The boat of peace! It is the only boat that can change the world today and tomorrow.
In DR Congo, access to the University for orphaned children and those from poor families is difficult because of the high cost of living and lack of financial resources to support the academic studies which are very expensive.
In light of this, it was important to think to create the Pan-African University of peace to enable these orphans and poor children who study at the farm of hope and many others, access to higher education. This opportunity allows these less fortunate children to stand on the same footing as the children of rich families, thus break the pit dug by the society between the rich and the poor.
The Pan-African University just continue the efforts that we have invested in the school farm of hope offering primary and secondary education to children orphans and poor. We will not know to say that we have achieved our mission by offering only primary and secondary education to this category of children, because this level will not allow them to later perform important functions in the country. Also, they will not be able to get to find paying jobs with the high school diploma.
The territory of Uvira is on the border between Dr Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. In 1996, troops who had attacked the Congo entered by the borders of the territory of Uvira, is why the war had caused a lot of havoc in human, economic and cultural terms. With no production units with the exception of the small border trade, the population of Uvira, especially that of Kiliba, lives a situation of chronic poverty with as a consequence the presence of an armada of unemployed youth, unproductive.
It is now recognised that the higher schools of the Congo lack sufficient capacity for all students from the secondary because infrastructure are sorely needed.
Combined with the lack of quality teachers, these schools education unsustainable especially the trend of creation of these private universities tends more to the accumulation of financial gain by their initiators that improving the quality of education, or even the access of all to education in the context of the principles of the “Education for all”.
In this socio-cultural configuration, the Congolese Government has already demonstrated its inability to achieve the realization of the Millennium development goals and those of Education for all. Education does not have a budget allocation for that education is a fundamental right for all Congolese citizens. The enseignents in primary and secondary schools are not paid paar State, but by the students; in schools there is books or other instructional materials…
Facing this state of paralysis of the public power doubled by the financial wishes of the actors in this sensitive area of education; the territory of Uvira has little chance of having an intellectual elite worthy to take in hand the heavy responsibilities of conscious and dynamic leadership.
Yet the community aspiration for education becomes so great in the administrative and territorial decentralization as dictated by the Congolese Constitution requires each entity to build a local intellectual elite to effectively assume the direction of the local public thing.
However, this lethargy is lacking in the Organization of the education system to absorb all the young people who wish to improve their intellectual knowledge. The structure of backward education to proven taxation from top to base, which mobilizes not local communities to engage actively in the compulsory education for all.
After experimenting with the “Farm of hope school” initiative in the city of Kiliba since 2002, reassuring results could lead to the conclusion that the success of Education for all through the appropriation of education by the communities at the base. The reformation of the system of education giving education to all needy at lower cost is possible if the values and principles of volunteerism alive actors.